Developing transport
infrastructure in the Arctic

On December 3, 1959, the world's first nuclear icebreaker, Lenin, was put into operation. This date marked the emergence of Russia's nuclear-powered icebreaker fleet. The Lenin icebreaker remained in operation for almost three decades and escorted thousands of vessels through ice-bound Arctic seas, covering almost three times the distance between the Earth and the Moon.


The Northern Sea Route is a maritime transport corridor crossing the Arctic Ocean. This is the shortest route connecting European and Asian Russia. Russia's long-term strategic objectives include developing the Arctic and encouraging navigation along the Northern Sea Route.

ROSATOM has been assigned the functions of the infrastructure operator of the Northern Sea Route. Its responsibilities include escorting vessels, building infrastructure facilities, supporting navigation and ensuring its safety in the challenging Arctic environment.

Under the Northern Sea Route Federal Project (which forms part of one of Russia's national projects), by 2024, cargo traffic via the Northern Sea Route is projected to reach 80 million tonnes per year.


To handle the growing cargo traffic along the Northern Sea Route, ROSATOM is upgrading its icebreaker fleet on a large scale. Three new-generation icebreakers are currently under construction; two of them (Sibir and Ural) have been launched, while the third one (Arktika) is under sea trials. In 2019, ROSATOM concluded a contract for the construction of two more follow-on icebreakers of this type. In 2020, the ROSATOM plans to sign the contract and to start the construction of a unique icebreaker, Lider, which will enable year-round operation in the High Arctic, mainly in its eastern sector, which is characterized by the most challenging ice conditions.

In 2019, ROSATOM met the targets set for the Northern Sea Route Federal Project ahead of schedule. Cargo traffic totalled 31.5 million tonnes (against a target of 26 million tonnes).

Key Results in 2019
Key Results in 2018